襄疱轵 爨汔玷
尻蝠铐睇 觏桡

枢蜞腩 骟痦嚯钼 (耢铗疱螯 耦溴疰囗桢  牦镨螯 骟痦嚯 桦 耱囹)   枢蜞腩 骟痦嚯钼 (耢铗疱螯 耦溴疰囗桢  牦镨螯 骟痦嚯 桦 耱囹)



  

  如溧螯 觏桡  
枢蜞腩 骟痦嚯钼 (耢铗疱螯 耦溴疰囗桢  牦镨螯 骟痦嚯 桦 耱囹)   枢蜞腩 骟痦嚯钼 (耢铗疱螯 耦溴疰囗桢  牦镨螯 骟痦嚯 桦 耱囹)


  如溧螯 觏桡  

- 橡噔 蓐铐铎桕 02/2022

团劣事浪芡闻 饰先形吕腿

馏爨骓
蓦尻蝠铐睇
   

Authors: Vladimir N. Gavrilov, Yuliya A. Feneva
LIBERAL COPYING

ABSTRACT
The article deals with the phenomenon of liberal copying by the example of entrenchment on such a copyrighted item as a video game, as well as on items of related rights. In addition, the article pays attention to various points of view regarding historical definitions of a video game in the theory and case law; particularly, the article presents the positions according to which a video game should be considered as either a computer program or a complex object with a structure including items of related rights. The article formulates the concepts of literal and liberal copying, compares them, highlights essential features of liberal copying. The article also discusses the mechanism of protection in the implementation of liberal copying of video games and items of related rights, including the peculiarities of both foreign and domestic case law, among them problems faced by the court when determining the presence of signs of liberal copying in a specific case, as well as establishing the materiality of these signs, which would allow us to firmly conclude about the similarity between the original work and a work borrowing from liberal copying.

孰邂 耠钼: 噔蝾瘃觇 镳噔, 钺牝 噔蝾瘃觐泐 镳噔, 忤溴铊沭, 钺牝 耢彐睇 镳噔, 狍赈嚯铄 觐镨痤忄龛, 礤狍赈嚯铄 觐镨痤忄龛, 戾踵龛珈 玎螓, 玎桁耱忸忄龛.
Keywords: copyrights, copyrighted items, video games, items of related rights, literal copying, liberal copying, protection mechanism, borrowing.

羊囹 桤 蝈爨蜩麇耜桴 疣玟咫钼:
灭噫溧眈觐 镳邃镳桧桁囹咫觐 镳噔
耱囹 疣耨爨蝠桠噱蝰 怆屙桢 礤狍赈嚯钽 觐镨痤忄龛 磬 镳桁屦 镱汔蝈朦耱忄 铗眍龛 蜞觐泐 钺牝 噔蝾瘃觐泐 镳噔, 赅 忤溴铊沭, 蜞赕 磬 钺牝 耢彐睇 镳噔. 项扈祛 钽, 耱囹 蜞赕 箐咫弪 忭桁囗桢 疣珉梓睇 蝾麝囔 琊屙 铗眍耔蝈朦眍 溴翳龛鲨 忤溴铊沭 漕牝痂礤 耋溴犴铋 镳嚓蜩赍 桉蝾痂麇耜铎 囫镥牝, 鬣耱眍耱, 镳桠钿蝰 镱玷鲨, 耦汶囫眍 觐蝾瘥 忤溴铊沭 磬潆彐栩 疣耨爨蝠桠囹 腓犷 赅麇耱忮 镳钽疣祆 潆 萋, 腓犷 耠铈眍泐 钺牝, 耱痼牝箴 觐蝾痤泐 怅膻鬣弪 皴 钺牝 耢彐睇 镳噔. 耱囹 纛痨箅桊簋蝰 镱蜩 狍赈嚯钽 礤狍赈嚯钽 觐镨痤忄龛, 镳钼钿栩 桴 耩噔礤龛, 铖忮 耋耱忮眄 镳桤磬觇 礤狍赈嚯钽 觐镨痤忄龛. 亦赕 耱囹 疣耨爨蝠桠噱蝰 戾踵龛珈 玎螓 镳 铖簌羼蜮脲龛 礤狍赈嚯钽 觐镨痤忄龛 铗眍龛 赅 忤溴铊沭, 蜞 钺牝钼 耢彐睇 镳噔, 蝾 麒耠 铖钺屙眍耱 耋溴犴铋 镳嚓蜩觇, 赅 玎痼徨骓铋, 蜞 铗鬻羼蜮屙眍, 怅膻鬣 镳钺脲禧, 觐蝾瘥扈 耱嚯觇忄弪 耋 镳 恹耥屙梃 磬腓麒 镳桤磬觐 礤狍赈嚯钽 觐镨痤忄龛 觐黻疱蝽铎 溴脲, 蜞赕 篑蜞眍怆屙 耋耱忮眄铖蜩 溧眄 镳桤磬觐, 黩 镱玮铍腩 猁 皲咫囹 钿眍珥圜睇 恹忸 聃铈羼蜩 桤磬鬣朦眍泐 镳铊玮邃屙 蝾泐, 黩 镱塍麒腩顸 疱珞朦蜞蝈 玎桁耱忸忄龛 镱耩邃耱忸 礤狍赈嚯钽 觐镨痤忄龛.

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